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A2FE series 6x

  • High pressure motor for integration in mechanical gearboxes

  • Size 28 … 355

  • Nominal pressure up to 400 bar

  • Maximum pressure up to 450 bar

  • Open and closed circuits
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Features
Type Code
Technical Data
Dimension
Design Notes
Safety
  • Space-saving construction due to recessed mounting flange

  • Easy to install, simply slide into the mechanical gearbox

  • High power density

  • Very high total efficiency

  • High starting efficiency

  • Optional with integrated pressure relief valve

  • Optional with mounted additional valve: counterbalance valve (BVD/BVE), flushing and boost-pressure valve

  • Bent-axis design

Notice

  • Please note the project planning notes in chapter Project planning notes
  • Please note that not all type code combinations are available although the individual functions are marked as being available

Table of values

Size

160 180 250 355

Displacement
geometric, per revolution

Vg

cm³

160.4 180 250 355

Nominal pressure

pnom

bar

400 400 350 350

Maximum pressure

pmax

bar

450 450 400 400

Maximum speed 1)

nnom

rpm

3600 3600 2700 2240

nmax 2)

rpm

4000 4000

Inlet flow 3)

at nnom

qV

l/min

577 648 675 795

Torque 4)

at pnom

M

Nm

1021 1146 1393 1978

Rotary stiffness

c

kNm/rad

17.4 18.2 73.1 96.1

Moment of inertia for rotary group

JTW

kg·m²

0.022 0.022 0.061 0.102

Case volume

V

l

1.1 1.1 2.5 3.5

Weight (approx.)

m

kg

47 48 82 110

Note

  • The values in the table are theoretical values, without consideration of efficiencies and tolerances. The values are rounded.
  • Exceeding the maximum or falling below the minimum permissible values can lead to a loss of function, a reduction in operational service life or total destruction of the axial piston unit. Other permissible limit values, such as speed variation, reduced angular acceleration as a function of the frequency and the permissible angular acceleration at start (lower than the maximum angular acceleration) can be found in data sheet 90261.

Speed range

No limit to minimum speed nmin. If uniformity of motion is required, speed nmin must not be less than 50 rpm.

Determining the operating characteristics

Inlet flow

[l/min]

Rotational speed

[rpm]

Torque

[Nm]

Power

[kW]

Key

Vg

Displacement per revolution [cm3]

Δp

Differential pressure [bar]

n

Rotational speed [rpm]

ηv

Volumetric efficiency

ηhm

Hydraulic-mechanical efficiency

ηt

Total efficiency (ηt = ηv • ηhm)

Hydraulic fluids

The axial piston unit is designed for operation with mineral oil HLP according to DIN 51524.

Application instructions and requirements for hydraulic fluids should be taken from the following data sheets before the start of project planning:

Viscosity and temperature of hydraulic fluids


Viscosity

Shaft
seal

Temperature1)

Comment

Cold start

νmax ≤ 1600 mm²/s

NBR2)

ϑSt ≥ -40 °C

t ≤ 3 min, without load (p ≤ 50 bar), n ≤ 1000 rpm (size 28 to 180), n ≤ 0.25 • nnom (size 250 to 355),
permissible temperature difference between axial piston unit and hydraulic fluid max. 25 K

FKM

ϑSt ≥ -25 °C

Warm-up phase

ν = 400 … 1600 mm²/s


t ≤ 15 min, p ≤ 0.7 • pnom and n ≤ 0.5 • nnom

Continuous operation

ν = 10 … 400 mm²/s3)

NBR2)

ϑ ≤ +78 °C

measured at port T

FKM

ϑ ≤ +103 °C

νopt = 16 … 36 mm²/s

range of optimum operating viscosity and efficiency

Short-term operation

νmin = 7 … 10 mm²/s

NBR2)

ϑ ≤ +78 °C

t ≤ 3 min, p ≤ 0.3 • pnom

measured at port T

FKM

ϑ ≤ +103 °C


Note

To reduce high temperature of the hydraulic fluid in the axial piston unit we recommend the use of a flushing and boost pressure valve (see chapter Extended functions and versions).

Selection of hydraulic fluid

Bosch Rexroth evaluates hydraulic fluids on the basis of the Fluid Rating according to the technical data sheet 90235.

Hydraulic fluids with positive evaluation in the Fluid Rating are provided in the following technical data sheet:

The hydraulic fluid should be selected so that the operating viscosity in the operating temperature range is within the optimum range (νopt; see selection diagram).

Selection diagram

Filtration of the hydraulic fluid

Finer filtration improves the cleanliness level of the hydraulic fluid, which increases the service life of the axial piston unit.

A cleanliness level of at least 20/18/15 is to be maintained according to ISO 4406.

At a hydraulic fluid viscosity of less than 10 mm²/s (e.g. due to high temperatures in short-term operation) at the drain port, a cleanliness level of at least 19/17/14 according to ISO 4406 is required.

For example, the viscosity is 10 mm²/s at:

  • HLP 32 a temperature of 73°C
  • HLP 46 a temperature of 85°C

Operating pressure range

Pressure at working port A or B (high-pressure side)

Definition

Nominal pressure

pnom

see table of values

The nominal pressure corresponds to the maximum design pressure.

Maximum pressure

pmax

see table of values

The maximum pressure corresponds to the maximum operating pressure within the single operating period. The sum of the single operating periods must not exceed the total operating period.

      Single operating period

10 s

      Total operating period

300 h

Minimum pressure

pHP min

25 bar

Minimum pressure on high-pressure side (port A or B) required to prevent damage to the axial piston unit.

Minimum pressure at inlet (pump operating mode)

pE min

see diagram

To prevent damage to the axial piston motor in pump mode (change of high-pressure side with unchanged direction of rotation, e.g. when braking),a minimum pressure must be guaranteed at the working port (inlet). The minimum pressure depends on the rotational speed and displacement of the axial piston unit.

Total pressure

pSu

700 bar

The summation pressure is the sum of the pressures at both work ports (A and B).

Rate of pressure change

Definition

with integrated pressure relief valve

RA max

9000 bar/s

Maximum permissible rate of pressure build-up and reduction during a pressure change over the entire pressure range.

without pressure relief valve

RA max

16000 bar/s

Case pressure at port T

Definition

Continuous differential pressure

ΔpT cont

2 bar

Maximum averaged differential pressure at the shaft seal (case to ambient pressure)

Pressure peaks

pT peak

10 bar

t < 0.1 s

Note

  • Working pressure range valid when using hydraulic fluids based on mineral oils. Values for other hydraulic fluids, please contact us.

Minimum pressure at inlet (pump operating mode)

This diagram is only valid for the optimum viscosity range of vopt = 16 to 36 mm2/s.

If the above mentioned conditions cannot be ensured, please contact us.

Pressure definition

1) Total operating period = t1 + t2 + ... + tn

Rate of pressure change

Maximum differential pressure at the shaft seal

Note

  • The service life of the shaft seal is influenced by the speed of the axial piston unit and the case pressure.
  • The service life decreases with an increase of the mean differential pressure between the case and the ambient pressure and with a higher frequency of pressure spikes.
  • The case pressure must be equal to or higher than the ambient pressure.

Direction of flow

Direction of rotation, viewed on drive shaft

clockwise

counter-clockwise

A to B

B to A

Permissible radial and axial forces of the drive shaft

Size

160 180 250 355

Drive shaft

Code

Z A A Z Z

mm

45 50 50 50 60

Maximum radial force
at distance a
(from shaft collar)

Fq max

kN

18.1 18.3 18.3 1.2 1) 1.5 1)

a

mm

25 25 25 41 52.5

Permitted torque at Fq max

Tq max

Nm

1021 1021 1146

Permitted differential pressure at Fq max

Δpq max

bar

400 400 400

Maximum axial force, when standstill or in non-pressurized conditions

+ Fax max

N

0 0 0 0 0

- Fax max

N

1600 1600 1600 2000 2500

Maximum axial force, per bar operating pressure

+ Fax max

N/bar

16.7 16.7 16.7
1) When at a standstill or when axial piston unit operating in non-pressurized conditions. Higher forces are permissible when under pressure, please contact us.

General instructions

  • The values given are maximum values and do not apply to continuous operation.
  • The axial force in direction −Fax is to be avoided as the service life of the bearing is reduced.
  • Special requirements apply in the case of belt drives. Please contact us.

Notes for sizes 250 ... 355:

  • In case of radial forces limited performance data is valid. Please contact us.
  • In case of axial forces during operation of the unit please contact us.

Effect of radial force Fq on the service life of bearings

By selecting a suitable direction of radial force Fq the load on the bearings caused by the internal rotary group forces can be reduced, thus optimizing the service life of the bearings. Recommended position of mating gear is dependent on direction of rotation. Examples:

Toothed gear drive, size 28 … 180

Toothed gear drive, size 250 … 355

1

Direction of rotation "counter-clockwise", pressure at port B

2

Direction of rotation "clockwise", pressure at port A

3

Direction of rotation "bidirectional"

Long-Life bearing

Sizes 250 and 355

For long service life and use with HF hydraulic fluids. Identical external dimensions as version with standard bearings. Subsequent conversion to long-life bearings is possible.

Size 28 ... 180

Port plate 10


Size

D1

D2

D3

D4

D5

D7

D8

D9

D10

D11

D14

D15

D16

D17

D18

D21

D27

D28

D29

D31

D32

D33

D34

D36

D37

D40

D41

D42

D46

O-Ring

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

160 200 0
- 0.029
171.6 206 185 104 286 20 15 122.8 119.3 149 169 12 47 75 134 232 250 22 5.2 180 194 70 42 0 31.8 66.7 32 99 Ø192 × 4
180 200 0
- 0.029
171.6 206 185 104 286 20 15 122.8 119.3 149 169 12 47 75 134 232 250 22 5.2 180 194 70 42 0 31.8 66.7 32 99 Ø192 × 4

Note

  • The dimensional drawings of the port plates with valves can be found in the chapter "Extended functions and versions".

Drive shafts Z and A


Splined shaft DIN 5480

NG

Code

Designation

Thread G

N2

N3

N4

N5

ØN6

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

160 Z W45×2×21×9g M16 × 2 12 36 42 50 60
A W50×2×24×9g M16 × 2 12 36 44 55 60
180 A W50×2×24×9g M16 × 2 12 36 44 55 60

Ports

Size

160 180

A, B

Working port

Size

1 1/4 in

Standard

Dimensions according to SAE J518

Fastening thread 1)

M14 × 2; 19 mm deep

State on delivery

With protective cover (must be connected)

T1

Drain port

Size

M22 × 15; 14 mm deep

Standard 2)

DIN 3852

State on delivery 3)

With protective cover (must be connected)

Size 250



Ports

Size

250

A, B

Working port

Size

1 1/4 in

Standard

Dimensions according to SAE J518

Fastening thread 1)

M14 × 2; 19 mm deep

State on delivery

With protective cover (must be connected)

T1

Drain port

Size

M22 × 15; 14 mm deep

Standard 2)

DIN 3852

State on delivery 3)

With protective cover (observe installation instructions)

T2

Drain port

Size

M22 × 15; 14 mm deep

Standard 2)

DIN 3852

State on delivery 3)

Plugged (observe installation instructions)

Size 355



Ports

Size

355

A, B

Working port

Size

1 1/4 in

Standard

Dimensions according to SAE J518

Fastening thread 1)

M14 × 2; 22 mm deep

State on delivery

With protective cover (must be connected)

T1

Drain port

Size

M33 × 2; 18 mm deep

Standard 2)

DIN 3852

State on delivery 3)

With protective cover (observe installation instructions)

T2

Drain port

Size

M33 × 2; 18 mm deep

Standard 2)

DIN 3852

State on delivery 3)

Plugged (observe installation instructions)

MA, MB

Measuring port pressure A, B

Size

M14 × 15; 12 mm deep

Standard 2)

DIN 3852

State on delivery

Plugged

Installation instructions

General

  • During commissioning and operation, the axial piston unit must be filled with hydraulic fluid and air bled. This must also be observed following a relatively long standstill as the axial piston unit may drain back to the reservoir via the hydraulic lines.
  • The case drain fluid in the housing must be directed to the reservoir via the highest available drain port (T1,T2).
  • If a shared drain line is used for several units, make sure that the respective case pressure is not exceeded. The shared drain line must be dimensioned to ensure that the maximum permissible case pressure of all connected units is not exceeded in any operating conditions, specifically on cold start. If this is not possible, separate reservoir lines must be laid as required.
  • To achieve favorable noise values, all connecting lines should be decoupled by using elastic elements and above-reservoir installation is to be avoided.
  • In all operating conditions, the drain line must flow into the reservoir below the minimum fluid level.

Installation position

See the following examples 1 to 6.

Further installation positions are possible upon request. Recommended installation position: 1 and 2.

Below-tank installation (standard)

Below-tank installation is at hand if the axial piston unit is installed below the minimum liquid level outside the tank.

1) Standard for sizes 250 and 355, special version for sizes 28 to 180.
2) Piping suggestion without port T2 (sizes 28 to 180)
3) Piping suggestion with Port T2 (sizes 250 to 355).

Installation position

Air bleeding

Filling

1

F

T1

2a

F

T1

2b

F

T2

3

F

T1

Above-reservoir installation

Above-reservoir installation means that the axial piston unit is installed above the minimum fluid level of the reservoir.

1) Standard for sizes 250 and 355, special version for sizes 28 to 180.
2) Installation position only permissible if port T2 is fitted (sizes 250 and 355).

Installation position

Air bleeding

Filling

4

F

T1 (F)

5

F

T2 (F)

6

F

T1 (F)

Key

F

Filling / Air bleeding

T1, T2

Drain port

ht min

Minimum required immersion depth (200 mm)

hmin

Minimum required spacing to reservoir bottom (100 mm)

Note: Connection F is part of the external piping and must be provided on the customer side to simplify the filling and bleeding.

General project planning notes

  • The axial piston motor is designed to be used in open and closed circuits.
  • The project planning, installation and commissioning of the axial piston unit require the involvement of qualified skilled personnel.
  • Before using the axial piston unit, please read the corresponding instruction manual completely and thoroughly. If necessary, request it from Bosch Rexroth.
  • Before finalizing your design, request a binding installation drawing.
  • The specified datas and notes must be observed.
  • Preservation: Our axial piston units are supplied as standard with preservative protection for a maximum of 12 months. If longer preservative protection is required (maximum 24 months), please specify this in plain text when placing your order. The preservation times are valid under optimal storage conditions. Details of these conditions can be found in the data sheet 90312 or the instruction manual.
  • Not all versions of the product are approved for use in a safety function according to ISO 13849. Please consult the responsible contact person at Bosch Rexroth if you require reliability parameters (e.g. MTTFD) for functional safety.
  • A pressure relief valve is to be provided in the hydraulic system.
  • Observe the instructions in the instruction manual regarding tightening torques of connection threads and other threaded joints used.
  • The notes in the instruction manual on tightening torques of the port threads and other screw joints must be observed.
  • The ports and fastening threads are designed for the permissible maximum pressure pmax (see instruction manual). The machine or system manufacturer must ensure that the connecting elements and lines correspond to the specified operating conditions (pressure, flow, hydraulic fluid, temperature) with the necessary safety factors.
  • The working ports and function ports are designated only to accommodate hydraulic lines.
  • During and shortly after operation, there is a risk of getting burnt on the axial piston unit and especially on the solenoids. Take the appropriate safety measures (e.g. by wearing protective clothing).
  • Moving parts in control equipment (e.g. valve spools) can, under certain circumstances, get stuck in position as a result of contamination (e.g. contaminated hydraulic fluid, abrasion, or residual dirt from components). As a result, the hydraulic fluid flow and the build-up of torque in the axial piston unit can no longer respond correctly to the operator‘s specifications. Even the use of various filter elements (external or internal flow filtration) will not rule out a fault but merely reduce the risk. The machine/system manufacturer must test whether remedial measures are needed on the machine for the application concerned in order to bring the driven consumer into a safe position (e.g. safe stop) and ensure any measures are properly implemented.
  • In certain conditions, moving parts in high pressure relief valves might get stuck in an undefined position due to contamination (e.g. contaminated hydraulic fluid). This can result in restriction or loss of load holding functions in lifting winches. Therefore it is the machine and/or system manufacturers responsibility to make sure that the load can always be put in a safe mode if needed. Also, he needs to ensure that these measures are properly implemented.
Application scenarios